Narendra Damodardas Modi born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation. He is the first prime minister outside of the Indian National Congress to win two consecutive terms with a full majority and the second to complete five years in office after Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
|Full Name||Narendra Damodardas Modi|
|Date of Birth||September 17, 1950|
|Place of Birth||Vadnagar, Gujarat|
|Education||Gujarat University, Delhi University|
|Occupation||Current Prime Minister Of India|
|Political Party||Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)|
|Spouse(s)||Jashodaben Modi (m. 1968 estranged)|
|Residence||7, Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi, Delhi, India|
Early Life & Childhood
Narendra Modi was born on 17 September, 1950 to a family of grocers in Vadnagar, Mehsana district, Bombay State (present Gujarat). His father name is late Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Mother’s name is Hiraben Modi and the couple has six children, he is the third eldest among six. In his childhood days, Modi helped his father in selling tea at the Vadnagar Railway Station and later ran a tea stall with his brother near a bus terminus.
In 1967, he had completed his higher secondary education in Vadnagar. At the age of 8 years, he joined Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). He doesn’t want to marry so he left home at the age of 17 and travelled across the country for the next two years. In his interviews, he told that in these two years he visited several ashrams founded by Swami Vivekananda. Then Modi returned to Vadnagar and after some time he again left for Ahmedabad. There, Modi lived with his uncle, who worked in the canteen at the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation.
Let us tell you that in 1970 that is at the age of 20, he was so influenced by the RSS that he became the full-time Pracharak and he had formally joined RSS in 1971 at the age of 21. In his area, in the early 1970s, he set up a unit of RSS’s students wing namely Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad. No doubt, his association with the organisation has significantly benefited his political career. He has completed the Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from School of Open Learning at the University of Delhi and later he had completed his Master degree in political science from Gujarat University.
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In his childhood days, he had faced several difficulties and obstacles, but he took all the challenges positively and transformed them into opportunities by courage and strength. After joining RSS, he learned the spirit of selflessness, social responsibility, dedication and nationalism. Furthermore, we will study in Narendra Modi biography.
“Each one of us has a natural instinct to rise, like a flame of the lamp. Let’s nurture this instinct.” – Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi Political Career
In 1987, he joined the BJP and a year later he was made the general secretary of the Gujarat branch of the party.
In 1995, he was recognised as a key strategist for being instrumental in successfully campaigning for the party.
In 1995, he was appointed as the Secretary of the BJP’s national unit.
In 1988 in Gujarat Assembly elections BJP came as the ruling party in Gujarat.
Mainly, two events contributed in bringing the BJP power in 1998 that are the Somnath to Ayodhya Rath Yatra, which was a long match by L.K Advani and another was a march from Kanyakumari to Kashmir under Murli Manohar Joshi.
He was credited for carrying out the responsibility of revamping the organisation of the party in various states.
In 1988, he became the General Secretary and holds the position till 2001.
In October, 2001, he became the Chief Minister of Gujarat when his predecessor Keshubhai Patel resigned from the post due to health reason and also BJP lost few state assembly seats in by-elections. He took the oath on 7 October, 2001 as CM of Gujarat.
Do you know that he remained at the post of CM of Gujarat for three consecutive times?
On 24 February, 2002, he won a by-election to the Rajkot II constituency. He defeated Ashwin Mehta of INC and this was his first and very short term.
He further contested from Maninagar and won the assembly election by defeating Oza Yatinbhai Narendrakumar of INC. And in the second term, he was retained as a Chief Minister of Gujarat.
His third term of CM was from 23 December, 2007 till 20 December, 2012. This time also he won from Maninagar and defeated Dinsha Patel of INC.
He was again elected from Maninagar and defeated Bhatt Shweta Sanjiv. He took the oath as CM which is his fourth term but later he resigned in 2014 from an assembly.
Then, Narendra Modi contested 2014 Lok Sabha elections for the first time. He won the election by a large margin and sworn in as the Prime Minister of India on 26 May, 2014. He became the first Prime Minister of India who born after India’s independence from the British Empire.
“Don’t dream to be something but rather dream to do something great!” – Narendra Modi
His parents — Damodardas Mulchand Modi (1915–89) and mother Hiraben Modi (1920- ) — had six children, of which the PM was third.
In accordance with Ghanchi tradition, Modi’s marriage was arranged by his parents when he was a child. He was engaged at age 13 to Jashodaben, marrying her when he was 18. They spent little time together and grew apart when Modi began two years of travel, including visits to Hindu ashrams. Reportedly, their marriage was never consummated, and he kept it a secret because otherwise he could not have become a ‘pracharak’ in the puritan Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Modi kept his marriage secret for most of his career. He acknowledged his wife for the first time when he filed his nomination for the 2014 general elections. Modi maintains a close relationship with his mother, Hiraben.
Narendra Modi: Major Works
In Narendra Modi biography major works are mentioned below:
After becoming the CM of Gujarat in his second term in 2002, he focused on the economic development of the state and makes it an attractive destination for businessmen and industrialists.
In his third term of CM in 2007, he improved the agricultural growth rate, provided electricity to all villages and fortifies the rapid development of the state.
When he was the CM of Gujarat with the support of the government created groundwater conservation projects. This had helped in the cultivation of Bt cotton with the help of irrigation facility via tube wells. Do you know that Gujarat became the largest producer of Bt Cotton?
To every village, electricity is brought in the state of Gujarat under Modi reign. He also changed the system of power distribution in the state by separating agricultural electricity from rural electricity.
In the BJP election campaign of 2009 and also of 2014, he played a crucial role.
Also, he had made successful efforts to invite foreign investments in the state of Gujarat.
Gujarat is the fourth state in the world where we have a separate climate-change department.
After becoming the PM of India he has initiated several ambitious and important projects like “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan”, “Make in India”, “Clean Ganga” etc.
He also tried to improve bilateral relations with other countries of the world.
He has also shows great interest in strengthening ties with the neighbouring countries.
“Let work itself be the ambition”. – Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi: Awards and Recognition
In a survey conducted by India Today Magazine, he was named as the best Chief Minister in the country in 2007.
In 2009, FDI magazine honoured Narendra Modi the Asian Winner of the ‘fDi Personality of the Year’award.
In TIME’s Asian edition of March 2012, he was featured in the cover page.
On Forbes magazine’s list of the ‘World’s Most Powerful People’ in 2014, he ranked at 15.
In 2014, 2015 and 2017, he was listed among ‘Time 100 most influential people in the world’ by Time magazine.
In 2014, he was awarded Indian of the Year by CNN-IBN news network.
Time Magazine in 2015 released ’30 most influential people on the internet’list and he was named as the second most-followed politician on Twitter and Facebook.
In 2015, Modi was ranked the 13th-Most-Influential Person in the World by Bloomberg Markets Magazine.
In 2015, he was ranked fifth on Fortune Magazine’s first annual list of the “World’s Greatest Leaders”.
In 2016, a wax statue of Modi was unveiled at Madame Tussaud Wax Museum in London.
In 2016 PM Narendra Modi was conferred with the Amir Amanullah Khan Award, the highest civilian honour of Afghanistan.
In April 2016, he was conferred with the Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honour ‘King Abdulaziz Sash’ by King Salman bin Abdulaziz.
In 2017, the Gallup International Association (GIA) conducted a poll and ranked Modi as third top leader of the world.
According to 2018 statistics he is the third most followed head of the state on Twitter and the topmost followed world leader on Facebook and Instagram.
He ranked 9th in Forbes World’s Most Powerful People list 2018.
In October 2018, Narendra Modi received UN’s highest environmental award, the ‘Champions of the Earth’ for policy leadership by “pioneering works in championing” the International Solar Alliance and “new areas of levels of cooperation on environmental action”.
He was conferred with the Seoul Peace Prize in 2018 for improving international cooperation, raising global economic growth, accelerating the Human Development of the people of India by fostering the economic growth etc.
On 10 February, he was honoured with Grand Collar of the State of Palestine; the highest civilian honour of Palestine for foreign dignitaries.
The first Philip Kotler presidential Award is also received by Narendra Modi in 2019.
In January 2019, PM Narendra Modi, a biographic film starring Vivek Oberoi is going to released soon.
On 4 April, 2019, UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Al Nahyan has conferred on Indian PM Narendra Modi, the Zayed Medal, the highest decoration awarded to kings, presidents and heads of the states. He received the honour in appreciation of his efforts in maintaining strategic ties with UAE.
“My struggle is to bring ‘life’ in ‘file’.” – Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi: Schemes launched
Narendra Modi biography also consists of schemes launched under his tenure.
– Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana for financial inclusion.
– Swachch Bharat Mission for better sanitation facilities and cleaning public places.
– Mudra Bank Yojana for banking services for Medium and Small Enterprises.
– Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana to provide skill training to the young workforce.
– Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana to strengthen rural infrastructure.
– Make in India to enhance the manufacturing sector.
– Garib Kalyan Yojana to address the welfare needs of the poor.
– E-Basta an online learning forum.
– Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for financial empowerment of the girl child.
– Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat to enhance children’s reading, writing and mathematical skills.
– Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana provides LPG to families living as BPL.
– Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana to increase the efficiency in irrigation.
– Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana is a scheme that provides insurance against crop failure.
– A LPG subsidy scheme is Pahal.
– DDU-Grameen Kaushalya Yojana provides vocational training to the rural youth as a part of ‘Skill India’ mission.
– Nayi Manzil Yojana is a skill-based training given to Madrasa students.
– Stand Up India will support women and SC/ST, entrepreneurs.
– Atal Pension Scheme is a pension scheme for unorganised sector employees.
– Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana scheme provides insurance against accident.
– Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana provides life insurance.
– Sagar Mala Project scheme is for developing port infrastructure.
– Smart Cities Project (helps in building urban infrastructure.
– Rurban Mission scheme will provide modern facilities in villages.
– Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana provides affordable housing for all.
– Jan Aushadhi Scheme is a scheme that provides affordable medicines.
– Digital India for a digitally equipped nation and economy.
– Digilocker for securing documents online.
– School Nursery Yojana is an afforestation program by and for young citizens.
– Gold Monetization Scheme involves gold stocks lying idle in households in the economy.
“People’s blessings give you the power to work tirelessly. The only thing required is commitment.” – Narendra Modi
Books written by Narendra Modi
Exam Warriors in English and Hindi
A journey: Poems by Narendra Modi
Jyotipunj in English and Hindi